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Centrifugal Compressor Inlet Duct Device for Improved Flow Range

Reference number: 6467

Current turbocharger designs suffer from a flow range limitations that lead to inefficient turbocharger compressor and turbine choices. Enhanced range, coupled with to high boost pressure, is essential to achieve low fuel consumption in internal combustion engines. This new innovative compressor inlet invention increases substantially compressor flow range with the use of an inlet duct that pre-swirls the inlet flow of the turbocharger compressor.
Flow range limitations often lead to multi-stage compressor systems that make the installation bulky and complex. This concept creates the opportunity to reduce cost by using a single stage turbocharger or possibly by eliminating the need for a variable geometry turbocharger.

Proposed use

It is considered that this technology will be applicable across the whole range of turbo and super charger applications from automotive through to large static power and marine applications.

Technology

Simulation indicates a 26% decrease in surge mass flow rate, whilst limiting the decrease in chocked mass flow to a small negative change of 2.8%. Consequently the turbocharger transient response could be improved by up to 18%.

Benefits

  • Novel blockage geometry upstream of the compressor, located close to the blade tips to improve aerodynamic stability and delay the inception of surge.
  • Inlet Duct Treatment (IDT) offers a 26% improvement to map width in steady conditions, and a 33%improvement in pulsating flow condition compared to a commercial Casting Treatment (CT).
  • Manufacturing costs saving. IDT is a simple geometry placed upstream of the flow.

Intellectual Property Information

This IDT concept is patented in the US (US10240612), China (CN105339673) and the EP is pending (EP2994647).

Team

Leading the team at Imperial is Prof Ricardo Martinez-Botas, and his group has become a recognised centre of turbocharger turbine aerodynamics.

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contact

Laura Cabo-Fernandez

Industry Partnerships and Commercialisation Officer, Engineering

l.cabo-fernandez@imperial.ac.uk

+44 (0)75 9025 0597

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